Dengue Fever: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Aedes aegypti

Dengue is one of the most dangerous diseases and there are some of the common symptoms like rashes, fever, headache, joint pain, nausea, etc. If you notice any one of them, you need to see a doctor.

If you take good care in time then you will be able to avoid getting infected with dengue for the second time.

Dengue Treatment

There are no vaccines available for dengue. You need to take the right treatment from the doctor. The doctor will do the tests and then get you the right medicines.

Before you go for the treatments you need to first understand well what are the symptoms of dengue. You need to take preventive actions and not the curative one.

You need to avoid the mosquito bites. You can make use of some of the mosquito repellents that can help you out.

You need to make use of some sprays and make sure your area is free from mosquitos. It is estimated by the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention that more than 400 million people every ear gets affected by this.

Precautions

If the dengue is a mild one, then you need to get the best treatment. You need to prevent dehydration in such conditions. You need to keep yourselves dehydrated.

You need to drink lots of water so that you will be able to get well soon. If you have continuous vomiting, then the water levels in the body may reduce.

This is the reason you need to drink lots of water. The water that you consume must be clean and clear.

You need to get bottled water and not the tap water because the water contains dust particles. You need to boil your water and then make it cool

How does that get to spread?

These diseases are in fact transmitted by the mosquitoes Aedes aegypti as well as Aedes albopictus, which are seen all over the world.

More than 2.5 billion people or even more than 40 percent of the population of the world stay in areas where there is a risk of dengue transmission.

Also, this disease is endemic in more than 100 countries in Asia, the Americas, the Pacific, Africa, and the Caribbean. There are many people who do not even know what are the symptoms of dengue.

These symptoms usually start at least four to seven days after the mosquito bite and these will last for three to days more. 

Dengue shock syndrome

This is a sever type of the dengue and it can be fatal too. There can be a mild dengue fever and you lay experience some intense stomach pain or disorientation.

You may also go through hypotension or there may be a fast drop in the blood pressure. The doctor will do the right diagnosis and then there will be a good treatment.

You need to make sure you get the affordable and feasible treatments. You need to choose the right treatment that is suitable for you and then you will be able to get well soon now. 

Infections

You need to get the best medicines that help you out in a better manner. You need to avoid Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin as they may cause some internal bleeding and that can surely be very dangerous.

There are more extreme and severe forms of the dengue fever and that need proper treatment as well as care. These may also include intravenous (IV) fluid supplementation, or a drip.

This is given in a case where the patent will not be able to take some fluids by mouth. There can also be blood transfusion which is useful for the patients who are suffering from extreme dehydration.

If you go for the treatment that includes hospitalization, then you will get well soon. You will be monitored well, and the doctor will take proper care for you.

How to take care of yourselves

Dengue is mosquito-borne diseases that take place in tropical or sub-tropical places in the world. If the dengue is a mild one, then you may have some fever or a rash.

You can also have some joints pair or some pains in the muscles There is no vaccine for these diseases and some research for a vaccine is going on.

You can take some over the counter medicines that can really help you out. You need to stay away from the mosquitos and that can truly help you out.

You need to stay in clean environments that are free form the mosquitoes. You need to make use of some repellents that will help you to stay away from the mosquitos.

Also, there may be a situation where you will not find any of such symptoms within you and that may be a case of mild dengue fever.

At the time when there are a few symptoms, you will see them after four to seven days of the mosquito bites.

There are some people who do not understand that they have developed the symptoms of the dengue. You need to first understand what are the symptoms of dengue.

See the root cause and then take the right action

If you stay in a tropical area, then there is a high risk of getting dengue infection again. If you have already recovered from dengue once then you need to avoid staying in such areas.

You need to stay in such a place where there will not be the dengue mosquitoes. You need to keep yourselves away from them and you can make use of the repellents that can help you in a better way.

If you have a prior history of dengue, then there is the chance of getting that infection again. If that is very severe then that can damage your lungs or any other body parts.

Even that may affect your hearth, and this is the reason you need to take good care of your health. You need to follow the instructions by the doctor and follow the diet too. 

What to do if you find any of such symptoms within you

If you find any of such symptoms within you or if your child has got such symptoms, then you need to talk to the doctor immediately.

You need to also get some blood tests so that the right treatment can be done for you. The doctor will also see your medical history if there is a need. 

How the dengue fever is treated and what precaution must be taken

There are many ways in which this is treated, and no treatment is prescribed, however, the treatment varies from case to case.

If the dengue is mild in nature the only taking lots of fluid will be helpful for you. The doctor will also advise you to take lots of rest so that there will be a speedy recovery.

If you have severe symptoms of the same and if they get worse within the first two days, then you need to immediately take the medical help.

If there is a severe case, then the doctor will get you intravenous (IV) fluids and electrolytes so that the water levels in the body will be balanced well. If you take the right treatment at the right time, then you can get well soon fast.

You can make use of the mosquito repellent use some screens on your windows and doors now. If you send your kids to play outside, then make sure they wear long sleeves and long pants so that there will not be mosquito bites.

Do not let the water collect at any place as it will again help the mosquitos to gather an lay their eggs that cannot be noticed by human eyes. 

How long does the dengue fever stay in the body of a patient?

If you are bitten by a mosquito that carries the virus then the period will range from three to fifteen days before the signs start showing.

You need to also understand what are the symptoms of dengue. If the dengue is not that severe then it will stay with you for one weak or more. If that is severe then the period may be even longer.

If you find anybody rash that is red in color and that does not go away, then that may be the condition of the dengue. You may also have a severe headache that will last for a longer time. You may also have a high fever. 

What care must be taken

You need to first make sure you stay away from the mosquitos. Your place must be safe and secure.

You need to also make sure your kids are safe, and sound and they do not get infected because children are more likely to get affected with the same.

You need to make sure you make sure of the mosquito repellent when you take your kids out. If they have fever or pain, then you need to make use of the paracetamol and that can be helpful for you.

If there is a pain, then you need to see the doctor who will help you out. If there is bleeding from the stools or urine, then that can be a severe case and you need to make sure that you get your kids hospitalized.

How does that gets spread and in what way you can avoid the same?

At the time when a mosquito carrying dengue bites a person, the virus will enter the skin along with the saliva of the mosquito.

This will enter through the white blood cells and this will again reproduce inside the cells when they move inside the body. The white blood cells will revert by generating some signaling proteins like the cytokines which can produce many of the common as well as uncommon symptoms.

This may also be responsible for pain or fever. When there is a severe infection, the production of the virus inside the body is increased to a high level and many of the body parts like the bone marrow and the liver can get very much affected with the same.

The fluid from the bloodstream can leak through the wall of the small blood vessels inside the cavities and the blood circulation through the vessels will be done then.

This is the way the blood pressure of the patient will be very high and or even very low and hence that will not be able to provide the blood to the important organs of the body.

When you do need a hospitalization

There are certain times when you need to get admitted to the hospital. The doctor will do the check up and the diagnosis and then will tell you to do some blood tests.

After that, the doctor will tell you f there is a need for the fossilization. If you have a very high fever, then you need to get hospitalized and stay there till you get well.

Then humans are the important carriers of the virus they serve as an important source of the virus for the mosquitos those are uninfected.

The virus will first circulate inside the blood and it will remain there for a week or so. The person will have a high fever or some other symptoms of the dengue.

The human recovery from this type of infection by one of the dengue viruses will give lifelong immunity against that type of virus.

The immunity will conferee only the partial protection against the infection by other three types of the viruses now. There is a proof of that fact that the sequential infection will increase the risk of developing severe dengue and this is the reason you need to take good care of your health.

Conclusion

You need to take good care of your health. You need to avoid the road side food as it may have some contact with the mosquitos.

You need to avoid going to public parks etc. as there are many mosquitos and you have a risk of getting that again for the second time now.

You need to eat freshly made food and eat fresh natural vegetables as well as fruits that can make you feel good. Just get eth right diet and you will be able to have some healthy time now.