Eczema is a frustrating skin condition, whether you contract it a few times in a year or deal with it daily. Topical Corticosteroids provide an easy way to treat it.
Topical steroids help address many dermatologic issues because you can apply them directly to the skin, particularly the affected area.
Topical Corticosteroids might work tremendously well, but the treatment may sometimes take longer and demand carefulness in making sure that you ingest the drug as directed and on a timely basis.
Unlike other oral steroids, topical steroids have fewer adverse effects. Also, they are not an AAS (anabolic and androgen steroids) steroids and thus, not suitable for bodybuilding.
Sleep is a vital factor for your health, but with severe eczema, it can be difficult to fall asleep.
And lacking enough sleep will not only affect your mental and physical well-being, but it worsens your eczema too.
Luckily, sleeping pills like Zopiclone helps you get enough sleep to improve your eczema.
The product comes in distinct forms, including:
- Gels – the main ingredients are propylene and water, and they are easy to apply use.
- Creams – they are the most popular topical steroids, and their main constituents are oils, water, and preservatives. They are ideal for wet, and hair areas of your skin and you can apply them easily without the greasy feel.
- Lotions, foams, and solutions – they contain water and oil, among other chemicals. You can apply them on your scalp.
- Ointments –contain oils with little or no water and do not have preservatives. Ointments are great for skin areas with a thick skin such as the palms of hands and the soles of feet.
Topical steroids help combat eczema signs, but how? Here’s is the drug’s mechanism of action:
- They change how your immune cells work – your immune system fights infection with several defensive cells, which are intended to counteract foreign substances such as bacteria or viruses. When this occurs, the immune system cells discharge pollutants into your body, which will add to eczema’s inflammation. Fortunately, topical steroids will be able to tamper with this action and prevent tissue damage as a result of excessive inflammation.
- They tighten blood vessels – inflammation leads to the dilation of your blood vessels, especially around the area of infection or trauma. It is the reason why your wounded skin appears red, swollen and warm. Therefore, topical steroids help constrict your capillaries and reduce localized pain and swelling.
- Topical steroid help block the chemical reactions, which cause inflammation–because steroids are hormones which occur naturally, they are released into your bloodstream every time your body experiences trauma, disease, or stress. The steroid molecules will then interact with DNA within a cell’s nuclei to manufacture proteins known as lipocortin. The proteins will hinder the production of arachidonic acid. Through this process, your body will experience reduced inflammation.
- They bind to a particular receptor in the cellular cytoplasm – topical steroids bind to a specific receptor in your cellular cytoplasm and help modulate the transcription of different genes. Thus, they help reduce the manufacturing of inflammatory substances such as leukotrienes and prostaglandins. Also, it is responsible for inhibiting the conscription of inflammatory cells into your skin.
- Allows your skin to heal – topical steroids help to reduce inflammation due to eczema. You may apply topical steroid cream on your skin if you are suffering eczema symptoms like a flare-up as it helps suppress skin irritation and reduce the itchiness of the skin. Therefore, the treatment ensures that you do not scratch the affected area to allow the skin to heal.
- They cool and soothe your inflamed skin – topical steroids; especially lotions provide soothing and cooling effects to the skin to combat acute inflammatory problems such as seborrheic dermatitis and contact dermatitis. You can use lotions in both skin areas with and without hair.
- They restore your damaged skin and protect it – steroids shield your skin from chaffing and heal the skin by encouraging the growth and repair of the damaged skin.
Topical steroids are easy to use because you apply a thin layer on your skin and massage on the inflamed area about four times a day. It is wise for you to use the product until the rashes resolve.
However, for chronic skin issue like eczema, avoid using the product continually. Instead, opt for intermittent application to shun recurrences. Also, it is critical to consult your doctor to formulate a plan that will assist you in managing rash and itch.
Although topical corticosteroids help manage eczema, they may lead to negative effects like stretch marks, contact dermatitis, acne, thinning of the skin, excessive hair growth on the affected areas, and change in skin color, among others.
Your age, severity of the skin disease, and medical history are some of the things your doctor will consider when prescribing the right product potency (mild, moderately potent, potent, or very potent). Apart from these steroids, it is prudent to practice skin care at home for healthy skin.