A heart attack occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a segment of heart muscle suddenly blocked and the heart can’t get oxygen. If the blood flow does not restore quickly then the section of heart muscle begins to die.
Heart attack most often occurs as a result of CHD i.e. coronary heart disease also known as coronary artery disease. CHD is that condition in which a waxy substance known as plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries and these arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart.
When plaque constructs up in the arteries it is called atherosclerosis and the buildup of plaque occurs over many years. The area of plaque can rupture or break open inside of the artery and this cause a blood clot and this clot becomes large enough or completely block blood flow via the coronary artery.
If this blockage did not treat quickly then the part of the heart muscle will begin to die. This heat damage is not obvious or it may cause severe and we can say long-lasting problems. The longer the blockage is left untreated the more the heart muscle will get damage.
Causes of Heart Attack
Most of the times the cause of heart attacks are the consequence of coronary heart disease, a situation that clogs coronary arteries with calcified and fatty plaques.
As per the researchers, the immediate reason for almost all heart attacks is not obstructive plaque but it is a sudden transformation of a blood clot on the top of plaque that breaks and cuts off the blood current in a narrow blood vessel.
Major risk factors are very well known and out some can be controlled, out of these some are high blood pressure, obesity, and smoking, diabetes and high cholesterol.
Stress is the also the chief reason which can also increase the risk and exertion and excitement too can trigger the attack.
Another main reason is the family background; it is also one of the main causes of heart disease that can increase the risk of heart attack in the early period.
Symptoms of Heart Attack
You should know about symptoms of heart attack as it helps you a lot at the time of difficulty, symptoms comprise of
• Uneasiness, weightiness, strain or ache in the arm, chest or below the breastbone
• Anxiety scorching to the jaw, back, throat or arm.
• Fullness and choking or even a heartburn and indigestion.
• Queasiness, sweating, dizziness, vomiting
• Intense weakness, nervousness, dumpiness of breath
• Speedy or irregular heartbeats
At the time of heart attack symptoms, last 30 minutes or longer and are not relieved by rest and any medicine under the tongue.
Several people have a heart attack without facing any symptoms that are as silent MI and can occur in anyone but it’s more common in people enclosing diabetes.
It’s important for you to know that heart attacks not always cause common symptoms the symptoms vary from person to person.
Symptoms can be mild or more intense or it can is sudden, it will also may come or go over quite a few hours.
Do not Ignore the Symptoms of Heart Attack
A heart attack is diagnosed with electrocardiograms and quantity of cardiac enzymes in the blood. A treatment course of active treatment at the hospital competent of doing the PCI i.e. percutaneous coronary intervention, it is also termed as stenting or stent placement.
This early reopening of the blocked coronary arteries minimizes the amount of damage of the heart and recovers the prognosis for a heart attack.
Medical treatments for heart attack may comprise of ant platelet, clot-dissolving drugs, and anticoagulant and also angiotensin altering enzyme inhibitors i.e. ACE, with beta blockers and oxygen.
Patients facing heart attacks are hospitalized for many days to spot heart rhythm disturbances, chest pain, and shortness of breath.
Anytime you think you have heart attack symptoms please do not ignore the symptoms or don’t feel embarrassed to call an ambulance even if you are not sure that you are having the heart attack or not.
Acting immediate and fast can save your life as an ambulance is a safest and best way to get to the hospital. At the time of heart attack, every minute matters so never delay calling the emergency number to take medicine or any other help.
Recovery After Heart Attack
Treatments for heart attack patients comprise of medications, lifestyle alteration and in many cases surgical procedures. Rest is one of the major things which a heart patient should do for the recovery.
It is also essential for you to participate in recreation and social events and to commence that survivors get more physical movement than they got prior to a heart attack.
Doctor especially recommends a good night rest for heart attack patients and if you undergo tiredness, a take a nap or a short period of rest.
Heart patients should rest before they get too tired. Several heart patients go back to work in two weeks to three months and it totally depends on the harshness of the heart attack. Your doctor will tell you when you should go back to a work.
Heart attack patients will feel a wide range of emotions for about two or six months after the event. Depression is pretty usual at this stage besides with anger and fear.
Depression is normal but if it interferes with patients sleeping, eating and self-esteem then you should consult your doctor.
After the first attack, the patient has the higher risk of another one. If you have a light pain or pressure in your chest that quickly goes away and it happens just after intense emotion or eating the heavy meal.
You can even join a cardiac rehabilitation program which is best for your health as this program is medically supervised to assist you to recover and definitely improve your health.